Changing names

Posted in history by jrahman on June 21, 2007

[T]here are the same streets and shops and dishes and hotels, the same Star and Zee TV channels, the same moustachioed men in motorbikes and brisk women working behind the bank counters, the same juxtapositions of colonial and modern architecture, the same squalid streets with boys carrying planks on their heads, and the same wealthy babes schooled on satellited repeats of The Bold and the Beautiful who hang around outside pasta restaurants saying: ‘It’s so boring here, Tina. Let’s go to Maxi’s, yaaah?’

That’s how Patrick French describes the similarities between Lahore and Delhi in his 1997 masterpiece Liberty or Death. Lahore and Delhi, and also quite easily Karachi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Dhaka — the above para could easily describe all major South Asian cities.  French also described the major difference between Lahore and Delhi — Jinnah is everywhere in the former and nowhere in the latter.

Jinnah is not the only historical personality present in some of our cities and absent elsewhere.  Streets and localities are named after various politicians, poets and sundry once-famous people.  Sometimes, streets and localities are renamed to reflect political changes.

For example, in Dhaka, many streets and buildings built during the Pakistan days were renamed when the association with Pakistan was severed.  Jinnah Avenue became Bangabandhu Avenue and Jinnah Hall became Surjya Sen Hall.  Similarly, Ayub Gate became Assad Gate and Ayub Nagar became Sher-e-Bangla Nagar.  Iqbal Hall became Sgt Zahurul Huq Hall, and of course Pak Motors became Bangla Motors.

As the last link notes, while names associated with Pakistan changed, those associated with the British — Minto Road and Curzon Hall — have survived in Dhaka.  This is not the case in Kolkata.  Also, while Dhaka’s renames mark Bangladesh’s freedom struggle, Kolkata is more internationalist.  Thus, Dharamtala is now Lenin Sarani, Harrington Street is Ho Chi Minh Sarani and Theatre Road has become Shakespeare Sarani.  Iqbal has been erased from Dhaka, but Ekbalpur Road has now become Kabi Mohammed Iqbal Road, and Free School Street is now Mirza Ghalib Street.  This is not to say that traditional Indian national icons are ignored — that’s why Chowringhee was renamed Jawaharlal Nehru and Red Road became Indira Gandhi Road.  And there are many places named after Tagore.

Of course South Asia is not the only place this kind of renaming occurs.  For example, they are changing names in South Africa these days, with Durban’s Point Road (reputed to house many houses of ill-repute) being renamed after Mahatma Gandhi.

Originally posted at A-A-A.

5 Responses

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  1. Bonbibi said, on October 25, 2007 at 3:07 pm

    Hi Jyoti, you feed two blogs?
    Just thought I might add that Harrington St was renamed Ho Chi Minh Sarani during the Vietnam war by the Left Front as it houses the American Embassy – I just love this story!
    Have greatly enjoyed your writings!

  2. jrahman said, on October 26, 2007 at 9:23 pm

    Thanks. I feed 3 blogs.:)

    I thought the Left Front came to power in 1977 after the Emergency, while the Vietnam War ended in 1975.

  3. Bonbibi said, on October 27, 2007 at 3:43 pm

    ish, such a big mistake.. all i know is that it was renamed by the Left Front to mock the Americans..
    you feed A-A-A, Mukti, and ?

  4. jrahman said, on October 27, 2007 at 10:19 pm

    Unheard Voices.

  5. AsifY said, on October 28, 2007 at 6:19 am

    I heard that the post-revolution government in Iran renamed the street in Tehran with the British embassy after an IRA sniper/bomber.

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